What Causes Diabetes?
There are different causes of type 1 and type 2 diabetes. There are some factors that put an individual at greater risk. These include:
- Heredity/Genetic Factors – For both type 1 and type 2 diabetes suffers, the exact role of heredity in the development of diabetes is still unknown. Statistic shows that an individual has a 2-5% in getting diabetes if one parent has diabetes and about 20% if both parents have diabetes.
- Viral Infections – This may play a role in the development of type 1 diabetes. There is a possibility those certain types of viral inflections that will alter the insulin producing beta cells in some individual who are vulnerable to diabetes. The reason is not known why the body’s immune system does not recognize the altered beta cells as the body’s own.
- Food – Drinking or eating food containing excessive sugar does not cause diabetes. It does not cause the immune system to attack and destroy the cells that produce insulin. It is only after the immune system has destroyed most of the insulin producing cells, does eating sugar causes the level of blood sugar to go up. Several substances such as dairy is common foods have been suspected of trigging the immune system to attack the beta cells that produce insulin.
- Overweight – for individuals being excessively overweight put them at a higher risk of develop type 2 diabetes.
- Age – statistics shows that individual who are 40 year and over of age have a greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.