Diabetes Insulin Injections
Individuals with type 1 diabetes do not make enough insulin to control there blood sugar levels. Therefore, an injection of insulin is required after a meal when the body’s normal response to increase in blood sugar levels. Tablet or liquid form of insulin cannot be taken because the stomach juices will destroy them, leaving the only way of injection. Insulin injections can only be taken in shot into the fat in order for it to travel into the bloodstream.
Many suffer use a small syringe or other device such as an insulin pump to inject insulin in their body’s up to 4 times a day. There are around 20 different types of insulin. They differ from how soon they begin to work (onset), when they work the best (peak), and how long they stay in the body (duration).
Some types of insulin will travel into the bloodstream within 15-30 minutes after initial injection, but the do not stay very long in the body. Other types of insulin are long acting and could take up to 6-8 hours before it starts working and can continue to do so up to 36 hours. Diabetics can also use an intermediate form of insulin that can reach the bloodstream within 1 to 3 hours and can stay active for up to 24 hours. The best way to control blood sugar level for many diabetics is to use a combination of these different types of insulin.
A more advance approach which is currently used by diabetic is called intensive or tight control. This tries to keep blood glucose levels as close to normal as possible (although, maybe still slightly above), by using more regular injections of shorter acting insulin during meal times.
Medical studies have found that diabetics have benefited from tight control as it significantly reduces the risk of long term complication such as kidney, eye, and nerve disease seen in type 1 diabetes. However, it can increase short term effects such as hypoglycemia (low blood sugar level) and weight gain.
It should be noted that tight control is not recommend for everyone as it requires more regular injections of insulin, and frequent blood sugar checks. Diabetic who uses tight control as the kind of treatment therapy will need to pay strict attention to diet and exercise. Should you have any doubt, it is recommended that you seek professional advises from your physician.
Here are other diabetes treatments: